Hashtag Operation is an ongoing investigation by the Federal Police of Brazil , officially launched in July 2016, on the eve of the Rio Olympic Games against an alleged cell of the terrorist group Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant in Brazil .  It was the result of an integration between the Brazilian Intelligence Agency (Abin), the Federal Police (PF), the Armed Forces and international information agencies. This was the first anti-terror action occurred in Brazil after the approval of law 13,260, sanctioned by President Dilma Rousseff on March 16, 2016, which typified crimes of this nature,  and the first arrests in Brazil for suspicion of connection with the terrorist group Islamic State of Republic of Iraq and the Levant . 

On May 4, 2017, the court sentenced eight defendants. All have been convicted in the anti-terrorism law that speaks of “promoting, constituting, integrating or providing assistance, personally or through interpersonal, terrorist organization.” According to the complaint filed by the Federal Public Prosecutor’s Office, the defendants dedicated themselves to promoting the terrorist organization known as the Islamic State. According to the accusation, this promotion took place via social networks, sharing of extremist materials and exchanges of emails, for example. 

The convictions and accused were  :

  • Leonid El Kadre de Melo – 15 years in prison, 13 years in an initial closed regime;
  • Alisson Luan De Oliveira – 6 years of imprisonment, five of them in an initial closed regime;
  • Oziris Moris Lundi dos Santos Azevedo – 6 years in seclusion, five in an initial closed regime;
  • Levi Ribeiro Fernandes De Jesus – 6 years of seclusion, five of them in an initial closed regime
  • Israel Pedra Mesquita – 6 years of seclusion, five of them in an initial closed regime;
  • Hortencio Yoshitake – 6 years of imprisonment, five of them in an initial closed regime;
  • Luis Gustavo de Oliveira – 6 years of imprisonment, five of them in an initial closed regime;
  • Fernando Pinheiro Cabral – 5 years of seclusion in a closed initial regime.